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/ Zulu Timeline
Timeline of Events Significant to the Zulu People
Shaka succeeds his father, inkosi Senzangakhona.
British settlers establish Port Natal.
Port Natal settlers support Zulus in Battle of iziNdolowane against the Ndwandwe.
Shaka defeats Bheje tribe.
(24 September) Shaka assassinated by Dingane.
Great Trek and Boer-Zulu War.
(6 February) Dingane murders Piet Retief and party.
(16-19 February) Zulus massacre Boer Voortrekkers.
(end April) Zulus ravage Port Natal.
(16 December) Battle of Blood River.
Peace treaty between Zulus and Boers.
(September) Mpande flees to Boer Republic of Natalia.
Mpande and Boers defeat Dingane.
(10 February) Mpande made king by Boers. Cedes part of Zululand to Boers.
(March-April) Dingane murdered.
Battle of Ndondakusuka – Cetshwayo defeats Mbuyazi.
(October) King Mpande dies.
King Cetshwayo crowned.
Bulwer offers mediation in border dispute.
Boundary Commission meet at Rorke’s Drift.
(28 July) Sihayo incident.
(mid-September) Smith and Deighton incident.
(11 December) British ultimatum to Zulus.
(6-11 January) British invasion of Zululand.
(4 July) British defeat Zulus at Ulundi.
(28 August) King Cetshwayo captured in Ngome Forest.
(1 September) Wolseley partitions Zululand.
(May) first unsuccessful Zulu request restoration of King Cetshwayo.
(April) second unsuccessful Zulu request restoration of King Cetshwayo.
(August) King Cetshwayo travels to London to plead his case.
(10 January) King Cetshwayo returns to Zululand.
(30 March) Zibhebhu routs king’s Usuthu in northern Zululand.
(21 July) King Cetshwayo defeated at Ulundi by rival chiefs, Zibhebhu and Hamu.
(15 October) King Cetshwayo seeks refuge with British at Eshowe.
(8 February) King Cetshwayo dies – probably poisoned by his own people.
(April-May) internecine warfare continues.
(2 May) Dinizulu and Boers form alliance.
(21 May) Boers crown Dinizulu in exchange for 3 million acres of northern Zululand.
(March-April) Dinizulu musters supporters on Ceza Mountain.
(May) Usuthu under Dinizulu join abaQulusi and raid loyalists.
(2 June) British repulsed by Dinizulu at Ceza.
(24 June) British abandon northern Zululand.
(2 July) British restore authority across northern Zululand.
(6 August) Dinizulu disbands Usuthu and seeks refuge with ZAR.
(15 November) Dinizulu surrenders to British – placed under arrest.
(February-April) Dinizulu tried and then banished to St Helena.
(30 December) Colony of Zululand annexed by British and becomes a province of Natal.
(January) Dinizulu returned to Zululand in an attempt to restore stability.
All parts of Zululand brought under control of Natal authorities.
(January) White farmers and settlers authorized to occupy Zululand.
(February-August) Zulu uprising commences. (Bambatha Rebellion).
(31 May) Natal becomes a province of the Union of South Africa.
Inkatha kaZulu was formed.
(June) Prince Solomon meets with the British heir apparent, Edward, Prince of Wales.
(4 March) King Solomon dies.
Prince Cyprian recognized as king by the British Government.
Prince Mangosuthu Buthelezi elected to the tribal constituency of Mahlabatini.
(October) Zululand re-established and its lands returned to the Zulus.
(September) King Ciprian dies.
(4 December) Goodwill Zwelithini crowned king.
Prime Minister Buthelezi founds a new version of Inkatha – later the Inkatha Freedom Party